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Vba Runtime Error 91-How to fix?

For anyone engaged in programming, particularly VBA (Visual Basic for Applications), you might have come across a common but pesky issue known as VBA runtime error 91. This problem often stops you in your coding tracks, generating a dialog box that reads, “Object variable or With block variable not set.” Although disentangling from this error can sometimes be a head-scratcher, understanding the root causes of this issue and knowing how to fix it can get you back on track quickly and efficiently.

What is VBA Runtime Error 91?

VBA runtime error 91, often referred to as Object Variable Not Set Error, occurs when a program attempts to reference an object that has no value or no definition. It’s like trying to use a smartphone that isn’t charged – until the phone is powered up (value defined), it can’t perform any tasks.

The Main Causes of VBA Runtime Error 91

This block variable not set error can be triggered by several different scenarios. Some common causes include attempting to reference items in Object Collections that don’t exist or trying to use a variable without initializing it. Additionally, trying to handle a null value returned from a function or a system can also lead to VBA runtime error 91. Interrupted program execution or problems with external components that the application relies on are other possible reasons for this error.

Strategies to Fix VBA Runtime Error 91

While encountering this error is often frustrating, its resolution is usually straightforward – set the object variable to the relevant value. However, there are different solutions based on the specific circumstances in which you encounter the error.

1. Initialize the Object Variable: Before you use an object variable, initialize it using the “Set” keyword. This entails assigning a specific object reference to the variable.

2. Check for Missing Components: Sometimes, the application can encounter issues if it relies on external components that are missing or not properly installed on the system. You might need to reinstall these components.

3. Adopt Error-Handling Techniques: Adopt proper error-handling techniques in your coding practices to capture and handle runtime errors. This can prevent your applications from crashing and assist you in troubleshooting code issues.

Preventative Best Practices to Avoid VBA Runtime Error 91

While knowing how to fix this error is crucial, adopting certain best practices can help prevent this error from happening in the first place. Regular use of an optimizer or registry cleaner can help ensure that your system and VBA environment are functioning correctly. Just like we take preventative health measures to avoid illnesses, precautions such as proper software maintenance can help avoid runtime errors. Regular system updates, for example, can ensure that components which your application depends upon are always up-to-date.

Moreover, adopting responsible programming habits like initializing object variables before using them, implementing error-handling techniques, and tracking the use of variables can also minimize the chances of encountering VBA runtime error 91.


In the fascinating world of programming, errors like the VBA runtime error 91 are typical speed bumps. The good news is that they are largely preventable and resolvable. By understanding the root causes of these issues and adopting responsible coding practices, you can swiftly overcome these obstacles and continue on your coding journey. Remember, in coding, as in life, every error is a new opportunity to learn!

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